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December 11, 2007

Theodorus of Samos

Theodorus of Samos (sometimes spelt Theodoras) was a Ancient Greek sculptor and architect of the sixth century BC who along with Rhoecus, is often credited with the invention of ore smelting and, according to Pausanias, the craft of casting. He is also credited with inventing a water level, a carpenter's square, and, according to Pliny, a lock and key and the turning lathe.

According to Vitruvius (vii, introduction) Theodorus is the architect of the Doric order temple of Juno which is in Samos.

In some texts he is described, above all, as a great artist and in some statues he is depicted as a great inventor.

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